Is a large group of newspapers providing English language news and features throughout continental Europe.
These papers are produced by the same team that produces France’s and Euro-Zones leading daily and weekly newspapers.
STORIES THAT MADE A DIFFERENCE
Print Editor -Lyon-
- Major Events in recent two years -
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THE REAL OBAMA TURNED UP
RETURN OF THE DREADED PLAGUE?
Abortion set back 30 years
Apple and Microsoft Centre
RUSSIAN TROOPS MASS ON UKRAINE'S BORDER
Scientists say two of the deadliest pandemics in history were caused by strains of the same plague and warn that new versions of the bacteria could spark future outbreaks.
Researchers found tiny bits of DNA in the teeth of two German victims killed by the Justinian plague about 1,500 years ago. With those fragments, they reconstructed the genome of the oldest bacteria known.
They concluded the Justinian plague was caused by a strain of Yersinia pestis, the same pathogen responsible for the Black Death that struck medieval Europe. The study was published online Tuesday in the journal, Lancet Infectious Diseases.
The two plagues packed quite a punch. The Justinian Plague is thought to have wiped out half the globe as it spread across Asia, North Africa, the Middle East and Europe. And the Black Death killed about 50 million Europeans in just four years during the 14th century.
"What this shows is that the plague jumped into humans on several different occasions and has gone on a rampage," said Tom Gilbert, a professor at the Natural History Museum of Denmark who wrote an accompanying commentary. "That shows the jump is not that difficult to make and wasn't a wild fluke."
The plague is usually spread to humans by rodents whose fleas carry the bacteria. "Humans are infringing on rodents' territory, so it's only a matter of time before we get more exposure to them," Gilbert said.
Still, he and other experts doubted a modern plague epidemic would be as devastating. "Plague is something that will continue to happen but modern-day antibiotics should be able to stop it," said Hendrik Poinar, director of the Ancient DNA Centre at McMaster University in Canada, who led the new research. He said about 200 rodent species carry the plague and could potentially infect other animals or humans.
Poinar warned that if the plague transforms into an airborne version — which can happen if the bacteria reaches the lungs and its droplets are spread by coughing — it would be much harder to snuff out. That type of plague can kill people within 24 hours of being infected.
Unconstitutional (recognized as such by international community, Ukraine and Venice Commission) pseudo-referendum held in Crimea on March 16 at an emergency mode, with almost no preparation, and with massive fraud has been used as a reason for merger of “two new subjects" to Russian Federation. "Today, based on the results of the referendum in Crimea, and relying on people’s will, I request to consider the law on adoption of two new entities - Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol city as subjects of Russian Federation", - Putin said at the beginning of his speech.
He also noted that such decision is "vitally important and historic" because "we all know what Russia meant and means to Crimea and Crimea to Russia". Like, the whole territory of autonomy - every city, every mound and every bay - is riddled with Russian history and pride. And the fact that this area was a part of another state, according to Vladimir Putin is "terrible misunderstanding" that occurred, besides, with "violations of constitutional norms that were in force at that time”.
IT ALL SOUNDS MARVELOUS EXCEPT FOR THE FACT THAT LEGALLY, CRIMEA IS UKRAINE SOVERIGN TERRITORY.
DOES THAT BOTHER PUTIN, NOT IN THE SLIGHTEST AND HE GOR AWAY WITH IT. IS THE ENTIRE AREA OF THE UKRAINE NEXT? POSSIBLY THE EAST, BUT WE DOUBT IF NATO WOULD LET ALL OF UKRAINE FALL INTO RUSSIAN HANDS.